What is SCANDLYNX?
The major goal for SCANDLYNX is to gather and share knowledge about lynx. By doing so, SCANDLYNX will contribute to knowledge-based management models that are accepted by different interest groups.
Photo © SCANDLYNX
After being at a low level for several decades, the lynx population increased in both density and distribution during the 1980s and 1990s. This recovery led to the development of a number of conflicts at a time when there was very little scientific knowledge about lynx in Scandinavia. Therefore, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) and Grimsö Wildlife Research Station (part of the Swedish University of Agricultural Science, SLU) were commissioned by their respective national wildlife management authorities to gather ecological data on lynx and roe deer from a number of study areas in Scandinavia. In 2005 the developing collaboration between NINA and Grimsö was formalized under the name SCANDLYNX.
When considering the complexity of conflicts between large predators like lynx and humans there is no single solution or perfect way to manage large carnivore populations, but rather there are a range of more or less acceptable compromises that consider attitudes from a number of different perspectives. An important goal for the Scandinavian lynx research project, Scandlynx, has been to gather objective knowledge regarding lynx ecology from study areas in different landscape types to contribute to sustainable management of the lynx population in the Scandinavian multi-use landscape.
Scandlynx has gathered data on lynx social organization, space use, dispersal, reproduction, survival and predation by monitoring individuals equipped with different types of VHF- or GPS-transmitters. In addition, the projects in Bergslagen and southeast Norway have focused on population dynamics of roe deer, the most important prey species for the lynx. The study areas cover the different nature types within the lynx distribution in Scandinavia, from the reindeer herding areas in the north, through snow-rich boreal forest areas with low roe deer density, to the agricultural landscapes in the south with high roe deer densities.
Photo © SCANDLYNX